Software Engineering Features - Models, Methods, Tools, Standards, and Metrics
In recent decades software has become ubiquitous. Almost all modern engineered systems include significant software subsystems; this includes systems in the transportation, finance, education, healthcare, legal, military, and business sectors. Along with the increase in software utility, capability, cost, and size there has been a corresponding growth in methods, models, tools, metrics and standards, which support software engineering.
Chapter 10 of the SWEBOK discusses modeling principles and types, and the methods and tools that are used to develop, analyze, implement, and verify the models. The other SWEBOK chapters on the software development phases (e.g., Software Design) discuss methods and tools specific to the phase. Table 2 identifies software engineering features for different life-cycle phases. The table is not meant to be complete; it simply provide examples. In Part 2 of the SEBoK there is discussion of models and the following is one of the definitions offered: “an abstraction of a system, aimed at understanding, communicating, explaining, or designing aspects of interest of that system” (Dori 2002). For the purposes of Table 2 we extend the definition of a model to some aspect of the software system or it development. So as an example, we list “Project Plan” as a model in the Software Management area. The idea is that the Project Plan provides a model of how the project is going to be carried out: the project team organization, the process to be used, the work to be done, the project schedule, and the resources needed.
Table 2: SWE Features
|Life-Cycle Activity||Models||Methods & Tools||Standards|
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