Difference between pages "Governance and Editorial Boards" and "Relevant Standards"

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__NOTOC__
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----
==BKCASE Governing Board==
+
'''''Lead Authors:''''' ''Garry Roedler, Ken Zemrowski, Chuck Calvano'', '''''Contributing Author:''''' ''Sanford Friedenthal''
The three SEBoK steward organizations – the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society (IEEE-CS), and the Systems Engineering Research Center (SERC) provide the funding and resources needed to sustain and evolve the SEBoK and make it available as a free and open resource to all.  The stewards appoint the BKCASE Governing Board to be their primary agents to oversee and guide the SEBoK and its companion BKCASE product, GRCSE.  
+
----
 +
There are a multitude of standards across a number of standards development organizations (SDOs) that are related to systems engineering and systems domains. This topic examines the types of standards and provides a summary of the relevant standards for systems engineering (SE).  
  
The BKCASE Governing Board includes:
+
==Standards Taxonomies and Types of Standards==
*'''The International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE)'''
+
There are many types of standards that focus on different aspects of SE.  Thus, it can be helpful to have a taxonomy that classifies the types of standards and the objective of each type. Table 1 provides the types of the current standards and a description of the types. Refer to the [[Modeling Standards]] for a list of relevant system modeling standards.
**Art Pyster (Governing Board Chair), Paul Frenz  
 
*'''Systems Engineering Research Center (SERC)'''
 
**Jon Wade, Cihan Dagli
 
*'''IEEE Computer Society (IEEE CS)'''
 
**Andy Chen, Rich Hilliard
 
  
Past INCOSE governors Bill Miller, Kevin Forsberg, David Newbern, David Walden, Courtney Wright, Dave Olwell, Ken Nidiffer, Richard Fairley, Massood Towhidnejad, and John Keppler. The governors would also like to acknowledge John Keppler, IEEE Computer Society, who has been instrumental in helping the Governors to work within the IEEE CS structure.  
+
{|
 
+
|+'''Table 1. Types of Systems Engineering Standards.''' (SEBoK Original)
The stewards appoint the BKCASE Editor in Chief to manage the SEBoK and GRCSE and oversee the Editorial Board.
+
! Standard Type
 
+
! Description of Type
==Editorial Board==
+
|-
The SEBoK Editorial Board is chaired by an Editor in Chief, supported by a group of Associate Editors.  
+
| Concepts and Terminology
 
+
|
{| style="width:100%"
+
* Defines the terminology and describes the concepts of a specific domain.
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Editor in Chief
+
|-
 +
| Process
 +
|
 +
* Elaborates a specific process, giving normative requirements for the essential elements of the process. It may give guidance to the requirements.  
 +
|-
 +
| Requirements
 +
|
 +
* Describes the requirements for something.
 +
* Most often used for actions, activities, or practices and not objects (see specifications).
 +
|-
 +
| Procedure (Practice, Activity)
 +
|
 +
* A specific procedure. Instructions or requirements on how to do something.
 +
* Sometimes a description of best practices.
 +
* Sometimes guidance and sometimes normative. 
 +
|-
 +
| Guidance
 +
|
 +
* Usually an interpretation and guidance of a published standard. 
 +
|-
 +
| Management System
 +
|
 +
* Requirements for management.
 +
|-
 +
| Specification
 +
|
 +
* Specifies the form, attributes, or properties of a subject artifact.
 +
* Usually an object and usually normative. 
 +
|-
 +
| Reference Model
 +
|
 +
* A reference model or collection of specifications of which a reference model is composed.
 +
|-
 +
| Process Reference Model (PRM)
 +
|
 +
* A collection of processes necessary and sufficient to achieve a nominated business outcome. 
 
|-
 
|-
| style="background-color: #ffffff" |
+
| Process Assessment Model (PAM)
[[File:Rob_Sm for Web.jpg|center|150px]]
+
|
| style="background-color: #ffffff" |
+
* Requirements and guidance for assessing attributes of nominated processes or attributes of a nominated collection of processes.  
'''Robert J. Cloutier'''
 
 
 
''University of South Alabama''
 
 
 
[mailto:rcloutier@southalabama.edu rcloutier@southalabama.edu]
 
 
 
Responsible for the appointment of SEBoK Editors and for the strategic direction and overall quality and coherence of the SEBoK.
 
|}
 
 
 
{| style="width:100%"
 
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Managing Editor
 
 
|-
 
|-
| style="background-color: #ffffff"|
+
| Guide to Body of Knowledge (BOK)
[[File:Hutchison profilephoto.png|center|150px]]<center>
+
|
|'''Nicole Hutchison'''
+
* Collection and description of the current body of knowledge in a domain, or a guide to the body of knowledge.
 
 
''Stevens Institute of Technology''
 
 
 
[mailto:nicole.hutchison@stevens.edu nicole.hutchison@stevens.edu] or [mailto:emtnicole@gmail.com emtnicole@gmail.com]
 
 
 
Responsible for the the day-to-day operations of the SEBoK and supports the Editor in Chief.</center>
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
Each Editor has his/her area(s) of responsibility, or shared responsibility, highlighted in the table below.
+
==Systems Engineering Related Standards==
 +
=== Summary of Systems Engineering Related Standards===
 +
Table 2 contains a summary of SE related standards.  This table does not include all SE related standards, as there are many are focused on a specific domain, sector, or user group (e.g., it does not include standards from a specific government agenda).  The table does include standards that are considered to be widely applicable to systems engineering and systems life cycle management system life cycle processes, such as ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 (2015). Where available, there is a link to the official abstract for the standard.  
  
{| style="width:100%" o
+
{|
! colspan="1" |SEBoK Part 1: SEBoK Introduction
+
|+'''Table 2. Summary of Systems Engineering Standards.''' (SEBoK Original)
 +
! Document ID
 +
! Document Title
 +
! Organization
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43564 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - System Life Cycle Processes
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=50518 ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Systems and Software Engineering Vocabulary
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_ics/catalogue_detail_ics.htm?csnumber=50508 ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Architecture Description
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 
|-
 
|-
|<center>'''Lead Editor: Robert J. Cloutier'''
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=43693 ISO/IEC 26702] / [http://standards.ieee.org/findstds/standard/1220-2005.html IEEE 1220]
 
+
| Management of the Systems Engineering Process
''University of South Alabama''
+
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 
+
|-
[mailto:rcloutier@southalabama.edu rcloutier@southalabama.edu]
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=45171 ISO/IEC/IEEE 29148]
 
+
| Systems and Software Engineering - Requirements Engineering
Responsible for Part 1 </center>
+
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
|}
+
|-
 
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=40723 ISO/IEC/IEEE 16085]
{| style="width:100%"
+
| Systems and Software Engineering - Risk Management
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 2: Foundations of Systems Engineering
+
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=44344 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15939]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Measurement Process
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=41977 ISO/IEC/IEEE 16326]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Project Management
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://infostore.saiglobal.com/store/details.aspx?ProductID=1615031 prEN9277]
 +
| Programme management - Guide for the management of Systems Engineering
 +
| CEN
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.techstreet.com/products/1145585 EIA 632]
 +
| Engineering of a System
 +
| TechAmerica
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=46486 ISO 9001:2008]
 +
| Quality Management Systems - Requirements
 +
| ISO TC 176
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.techstreet.com/products/1800866 EIA-649-B]
 +
| National Consensus Standard for Configuration Management
 +
| TechAmerica
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=50502 ISO/IEC/IEEE TR 24748-1]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Guide to Life Cycle Management
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_ics/catalogue_detail_ics.htm?csnumber=54994 ISO/IEC/IEEE TR 24748-2]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Guide To The Application of ISO/IEC 15288:2008
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_ics/catalogue_detail_ics.htm?csnumber=56887 ISO/IEC/IEEE CD 24748-4]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Application and management of the systems engineering process
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=56186 ISO/IEC DTR 16337]
 +
| Systems Engineering Handbook (INCOSE)
 +
| ISO/IEC/INCOSE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=54388 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15289:2011]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - Content of Life-Cycle Information Products (Documentation)
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=50520 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-1:2010]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 1: Concepts And Vocabulary
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=52926 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-2:2011]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 2: Assurance Case
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=57107 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-3:2011]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 3: Integrity Levels
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=59927 ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-4:2012]
 +
| Systems and Software Engineering - System And Software Assurance – Part 4: Assurance in the Life Cycle
 +
| ISO/IEC/IEEE JTC 1
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=41553 ISO/IEC TR 90005:2008]
 +
| Guidelines for the Application of ISO 9001 to Systems Life Cycle Processes
 +
| ISO/IEC JTC 1
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=55257 ISO 10303-233:2012]
 +
| Systems Engineering Data Interchange Standard
 +
| ISO TC 184
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.inpe.br/twiki/pub/Main/GerenciamentoProjetosEspaciais/ECSS-E-ST-10C(6March2009).pdf ECSS-E-ST-10C]
 +
| Systems Engineering General Requirements
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.everyspec.com/ESA/ECSS-E-10-02A_14991/ ECSS-E-ST-10-02]
 +
| Space Engineering - Verification {Note - standard is canceled}
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.inpe.br/twiki/pub/Main/GerenciamentoProjetosEspaciais/ECSS-E-ST-10-06C6March2009.pdf ECSS-E-ST-10-06]
 +
| Space Engineering - Technical Requirements Specification
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCsQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ecss.nl%2Fforums%2Fecss%2Fdispatch.cgi%2Fhome%2FshowFile%2F100807%2Fd20130924080101%2FNo%2FECSS-E-ST-10-24C_DIR1(24September2013).doc&ei=Ji5cUrt0woLbBZ2qgOgN&usg=AFQjCNHNB_u3X71aMcFAeiiN2PAZuxGGmQ&bvm=bv.53899372,d.b2I ECSS-E-ST-10-24]
 +
| Space Engineering - Interface Control
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.everyspec.com/ESA/ECSS-M-ST-10C_REV-1_47763/ ECSS-M-ST-10]
 +
| Space Project Management - Project Planning and Implementation
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.ecss.nl/forums/ecss/dispatch.cgi/standards/showFile/100665/d20080802121136/No/ECSS-M-ST-80C(31July2008).doc ECSS-M-ST-40]
 +
| Space Project Management - Configuration and Information Management
 +
| ECSS
 +
|-
 +
| [http://www.everyspec.com/ESA/ecss-m-00-03a_2569/ ECSS-M-00-03]
 +
| Space Project Management - Risk Management
 +
| ECSS
 
|-
 
|-
| width="50%" |'''Lead Editor: Gary Smith'''
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=43170 ISO 31000:2009]
 
+
| Risk Management - Principles and Guidelines
''Airbus''
+
| ISO
 
 
[mailto:gary.r.smith@airbus.com gary.r.smith@airbus.com]
 
 
 
| width="50%" |'''Assistant Editor: Dov Dori'''
 
 
 
''Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) and Technion Israel Institute of Technology (Israel)''
 
 
 
[mailto:dori@mit.edu dori@mit.edu]
 
 
 
Responsible for the [[Representing Systems with Models]] knowledge area
 
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Assistant Editor: Duane Hybertson'''
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=51073 ISO 31010:2009]
 
+
| Risk Management - Risk Assessment Techniques
''MITRE (USA)''
+
| ISO
 
 
[mailto:dhyberts@mitre.org dhyberts@mitre.org]
 
 
 
Jointly responsible for the [[Systems Fundamentals]], [[Systems Science]] and [[Systems Thinking]] knowledge areas
 
 
 
|'''Assistant Editor: Peter Tuddenham'''
 
 
 
''College of Exploration (USA)''
 
 
 
[mailto:Peter@coexploration.net Peter@coexploration.net]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| colspan="2"|<center>'''Assistant Editor: Cihan Dagli'''
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=33833 ISO 19439:2006]
 
+
| Enterprise Integration - Framework for Enterprise Modeling
''Missouri University of Science & Technology (USA)''
+
| ISO
 
 
[mailto:dagli@mst.edu dagli@mst.edu]
 
 
 
Responsible for the [[Systems Approach Applied to Engineered Systems]] knowledge areas. </center>
 
|}
 
 
 
{| style="width:100%"
 
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 3: Systems Engineering and Management
 
 
|-
 
|-
| width="50%" |'''Assistant Editor: Barry Boehm'''
+
| [http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=28777 ISO 15704:2000]
 
+
| Requirements for Enterprise - Reference Architectures and Methodologies
''University of Southern California (USA)''
+
| ISO
 
 
[mailto:boehm@usc.edu boehm@usc.edu]
 
 
 
Jointly responsible for the [[Systems Engineering Management]] and [[Life Cycle Models]] knowledge areas
 
 
 
| width="50%" |'''Assistant Editor: Kevin Forsberg'''
 
 
 
''OGR Systems''
 
 
 
[mailto:kforsberg@ogrsystems.com kforsberg@ogrsystems.com]
 
 
 
Jointly responsible for the [[Systems Engineering Management]] and [[Life Cycle Models]] knowledge areas
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Assistant Editor: Gregory Parnell'''
+
| [http://www.techstreet.com/products/1854970 EIA 748]
 
+
| Earned Value Management System
''University of Arkansas (USA)''
+
| TechAmerica
 
+
|}
[mailto:gparnell@uark.edu gparnell@uark.edu]
 
 
 
Responsible for [[Systems Engineering Management]] knowledge area.
 
  
|'''Assistant Editor: Garry Roedler'''
+
===Breadth and Level of Detail of Key Systems Engineering Related Standards===
 +
Figure 1 shows the level of detail and the coverage of the life cycle for some key standards or groups of standards. 
  
''Lockheed Martin (USA)''
+
[[File:Breadth_and_Depth_of_Key_SE_Related_Standards.PNG|thumb|700px|center|'''Figure 1. Breadth and Depth of Key SE Related Standards (Adapted from Roedler 2011).''' Reprinted with permission of Garry Roedler. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.]]
  
[mailto:garry.j.roedler@lmco.com garry.j.roedler@lmco.com]
+
==Practical Considerations==
 
+
Key pitfalls and good practices related to systems engineering standards are described in the next two sections.
Responsible for the [[Concept Definition]] and [[System Definition]] knowledge areas.
 
  
 +
===Pitfalls===
 +
Some of the key pitfalls encountered in the selection and use of SE standards are provided in Table 3.
 +
{|
 +
|+'''Table 3. Pitfalls in Using Systems Engineering Standards.''' (SEBoK Original)
 +
! Pitfall Name
 +
! Pitfall Description
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Assistant Editor: Phyllis Marbach '''
+
| Turnkey Process Provision
 
+
|
''Incose LA (USA)''
+
* Expecting the standard to fully provide your SE processes without any elaboration or tailoring.
 
 
[mailto:prmarbach@gmail.com prmarbach@gmail.com]
 
 
 
|'''Assistant Editor: Ken Zemrowski'''
 
 
 
''ENGILITY''
 
 
 
[mailto:kenneth.zemrowski@incose.org kenneth.zemrowski@incose.org]
 
 
 
Responsible for the [[Systems Engineering Standards]] knowledge area.
 
|}
 
 
 
{| style="width:100%"
 
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 4: Applications of Systems Engineering
 
 
|-
 
|-
| width="50%" |'''Lead Editor: Judith Dahmann'''
+
|No Need for Knowledge
 
+
|
''MITRE Corporation (USA)''
+
* Expecting that the standard can be used without any functional or domain knowledge since the standard is the product of collective industry knowledge.
 
 
[mailto:jdahmann@mitre.org jdahmann@mitre.org]
 
 
 
Jointly responsible for [[Product Systems Engineering]] and [[Systems of Systems (SoS)]] knowledge areas
 
 
 
|'''Assistant Editor: Michael Henshaw'''
 
 
 
''Loughborough University (UK)''
 
 
 
[mailto:M.J.d.Henshaw@lboro.ac.uk M.J.d.Henshaw@lboro.ac.uk]
 
 
 
Jointly responsible for [[Product Systems Engineering]] and [[Systems of Systems (SoS)]] knowledge areas
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
+
|No Process Integration
| colspan="2" |<center>'''Assistant Editor: James Martin'''
+
|
 
+
* Lack of integrating the standards requirements with the organization or project processes.
''The Aerospace Corporation''
 
 
 
[mailto:james.martin@incose.org james.martin@incose.org]
 
 
 
Responsible for the [[Enterprise Systems Engineering]] knowledge area.</center>
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
{| style="width:100%"
+
===Good Practices===
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 5: Enabling Systems Engineering
+
Some good practices as gathered from the references and provided in Table 4.
 +
{|
 +
|+'''Table 4. Good Practices in Using Systems Engineering Standards.''' (SEBoK Original)
 +
! Good Practice Name
 +
! Good Practice Description
 
|-
 
|-
| width="50%" |'''Assistant Editor: Emma Sparks'''
+
| Tailor for Business Needs
 
+
|
''Cranfield University''
+
* Tailor the standard within conformance requirements to best meet business needs.
 
 
Jointly responsible for the [[Enabling Individuals]]<nowiki/>and[[Enabling Teams]] knowledge area
 
 
 
| width="50%" |'''Assistant Editor: Rick Hefner'''
 
 
 
''California Institute of Technology''
 
 
 
[mailto:Rick.Hefner@ngc.com Rick.Hefner@ngc.com]
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| width="50%" | '''Assistant Editor: Tim Ferris'''
+
|Integration into Project
''Cranfield University''
+
|
 +
*Requirements of the standard should be integrated into the project via processes or product/service requirements.
 +
|}
  
[mailto:Timothy.Ferris@cranfield.ac.uk Timothy.Ferris@cranfield.ac.uk]
+
==References==
  
| width="50%" | '''Assistant Editor: Bernardo Delicado'''
+
===Works Cited===
  
''MBDA / INCOSE''
+
Roedler, G. 2010. "[[An Overview of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288, System Life Cycle Processes]]." Proceedings of the 4th Asian Pacific Council on Systems Engineering (APCOSE) Conference, 4-6 October 2010, Keelung, Taiwan.
  
[mailto:bernardo.delicado@mbda-systems.com bernardo.delicado@mbda-systems.com]
+
Roedler, G. 2011. "Towards Integrated Systems and Software Engineering Standards." National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) Conference, San Diego, CA, USA.
  
|}
+
===Primary References===
  
{| style="width:100%"
+
ANSI/EIA. 2003. ''[[ANSI/EIA 632|Processes for Engineering a System]].'' Philadelphia, PA, USA: American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Association (EIA), [[ANSI/EIA 632]]-1998.
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 6: Related Disciplines
 
|-
 
|'''Lead Editor: Alice Squires'''
 
  
''Washington State University (USA)''
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2015. ''[[ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288|Systems and Software Engineering -- System Life Cycle Processes]]''. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organisation for Standardisation / International Electrotechnical Commissions / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015.
  
[mailto:alice.squires@wsu.edu alice.squires@wsu.edu]
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. ''[[ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765|Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Engineering Vocabulary]].'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). [[ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765]]: 2009.
  
|}
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. ''[[ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010|Systems and software engineering - Architecture description]].'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), [[ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010]].
  
{| style="width:100%"
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. ''[[ISO/IEC/IEEE 29148|Systems and software engineering - Requirements engineering]].'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), (IEC), [[ISO/IEC/IEEE 29148]].
! colspan="2" |SEBoK Part 7: Systems Engineering Implementation Examples
 
|-
 
| width="50%" |'''Lead Author: Clif Baldwin'''
 
  
''FAA Technical Center''
+
Roedler, G. 2010. ''[[An Overview of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288, System Life Cycle Processes]].'' Proceedings of the 4th Asian Pacific Council on Systems Engineering (APCOSE) Conference, 4-6 October 2010, Keelung, Taiwan.
  
[mailto:cliftonbaldwin@gmail.com cliftonbaldwin@gmail.com]
+
===Additional References===
  
Responsible for [[Systems Engineering Implementation Examples|Part 7: Systems Engineering Implementation Examples]], which includes [[Case Studies]] and examples.
+
ISO. 2003. ''Space Systems - Risk Management.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 17666:2003.  
  
|}
+
ISO. 2009. ''Risk Management - Principles and Guidelines.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 31000:2009.
  
 +
ISO/IEC. 2009. ''Risk Management - Risk Assessment Techniques.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), ISO/IEC 31010:2009.
  
{| style="width:100%"
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2006. ''Systems and Software Engineering - Risk Management.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISO/IEC/IEEE 16085.
! colspan="1" |''Graduate Reference Curriculum for Systems Engineering (GRCSE)''
 
|-
 
|<center>'''David H. Olwell'''
 
  
''St. Martin's University (USA)''
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2007. ''Systems and Software Engineering - Measurement Process.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISO/IEC/IEEE 15939.
  
[mailto:dolwell@stmartin.edu dolwell@stmartin.edu]
+
ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. ''Systems and Software Engineering - Project Management.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 16326.
  
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ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. ''Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance, Part 1: Concepts and definitions.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-1.
  
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ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2010. ''Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance, Part 2: Assurance case.'' Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-2.
  
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[[Category: Part 3]][[Category:Topic]]
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[[Category:Systems Engineering Standards]]

Revision as of 02:04, 2 November 2019


Lead Authors: Garry Roedler, Ken Zemrowski, Chuck Calvano, Contributing Author: Sanford Friedenthal


There are a multitude of standards across a number of standards development organizations (SDOs) that are related to systems engineering and systems domains. This topic examines the types of standards and provides a summary of the relevant standards for systems engineering (SE).

Standards Taxonomies and Types of Standards

There are many types of standards that focus on different aspects of SE. Thus, it can be helpful to have a taxonomy that classifies the types of standards and the objective of each type. Table 1 provides the types of the current standards and a description of the types. Refer to the Modeling Standards for a list of relevant system modeling standards.

Table 1. Types of Systems Engineering Standards. (SEBoK Original)
Standard Type Description of Type
Concepts and Terminology
  • Defines the terminology and describes the concepts of a specific domain.
Process
  • Elaborates a specific process, giving normative requirements for the essential elements of the process. It may give guidance to the requirements.
Requirements
  • Describes the requirements for something.
  • Most often used for actions, activities, or practices and not objects (see specifications).
Procedure (Practice, Activity)
  • A specific procedure. Instructions or requirements on how to do something.
  • Sometimes a description of best practices.
  • Sometimes guidance and sometimes normative.
Guidance
  • Usually an interpretation and guidance of a published standard.
Management System
  • Requirements for management.
Specification
  • Specifies the form, attributes, or properties of a subject artifact.
  • Usually an object and usually normative.
Reference Model
  • A reference model or collection of specifications of which a reference model is composed.
Process Reference Model (PRM)
  • A collection of processes necessary and sufficient to achieve a nominated business outcome.
Process Assessment Model (PAM)
  • Requirements and guidance for assessing attributes of nominated processes or attributes of a nominated collection of processes.
Guide to Body of Knowledge (BOK)
  • Collection and description of the current body of knowledge in a domain, or a guide to the body of knowledge.

Systems Engineering Related Standards

Summary of Systems Engineering Related Standards

Table 2 contains a summary of SE related standards. This table does not include all SE related standards, as there are many are focused on a specific domain, sector, or user group (e.g., it does not include standards from a specific government agenda). The table does include standards that are considered to be widely applicable to systems engineering and systems life cycle management system life cycle processes, such as ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 (2015). Where available, there is a link to the official abstract for the standard.

Table 2. Summary of Systems Engineering Standards. (SEBoK Original)
Document ID Document Title Organization
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288 Systems and Software Engineering - System Life Cycle Processes ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765 Systems and Software Engineering - Systems and Software Engineering Vocabulary ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010 Systems and Software Engineering - Architecture Description ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC 26702 / IEEE 1220 Management of the Systems Engineering Process ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 29148 Systems and Software Engineering - Requirements Engineering ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 16085 Systems and Software Engineering - Risk Management ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15939 Systems and Software Engineering - Measurement Process ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 16326 Systems and Software Engineering - Project Management ISO/IEC/IEEE
prEN9277 Programme management - Guide for the management of Systems Engineering CEN
EIA 632 Engineering of a System TechAmerica
ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management Systems - Requirements ISO TC 176
EIA-649-B National Consensus Standard for Configuration Management TechAmerica
ISO/IEC/IEEE TR 24748-1 Systems and Software Engineering - Guide to Life Cycle Management ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE TR 24748-2 Systems and Software Engineering - Guide To The Application of ISO/IEC 15288:2008 ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE CD 24748-4 Systems and Software Engineering - Application and management of the systems engineering process ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC DTR 16337 Systems Engineering Handbook (INCOSE) ISO/IEC/INCOSE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15289:2011 Systems and Software Engineering - Content of Life-Cycle Information Products (Documentation) ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-1:2010 Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 1: Concepts And Vocabulary ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-2:2011 Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 2: Assurance Case ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-3:2011 Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance – Part 3: Integrity Levels ISO/IEC/IEEE
ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-4:2012 Systems and Software Engineering - System And Software Assurance – Part 4: Assurance in the Life Cycle ISO/IEC/IEEE JTC 1
ISO/IEC TR 90005:2008 Guidelines for the Application of ISO 9001 to Systems Life Cycle Processes ISO/IEC JTC 1
ISO 10303-233:2012 Systems Engineering Data Interchange Standard ISO TC 184
ECSS-E-ST-10C Systems Engineering General Requirements ECSS
ECSS-E-ST-10-02 Space Engineering - Verification {Note - standard is canceled} ECSS
ECSS-E-ST-10-06 Space Engineering - Technical Requirements Specification ECSS
ECSS-E-ST-10-24 Space Engineering - Interface Control ECSS
ECSS-M-ST-10 Space Project Management - Project Planning and Implementation ECSS
ECSS-M-ST-40 Space Project Management - Configuration and Information Management ECSS
ECSS-M-00-03 Space Project Management - Risk Management ECSS
ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management - Principles and Guidelines ISO
ISO 31010:2009 Risk Management - Risk Assessment Techniques ISO
ISO 19439:2006 Enterprise Integration - Framework for Enterprise Modeling ISO
ISO 15704:2000 Requirements for Enterprise - Reference Architectures and Methodologies ISO
EIA 748 Earned Value Management System TechAmerica

Breadth and Level of Detail of Key Systems Engineering Related Standards

Figure 1 shows the level of detail and the coverage of the life cycle for some key standards or groups of standards.

Figure 1. Breadth and Depth of Key SE Related Standards (Adapted from Roedler 2011). Reprinted with permission of Garry Roedler. All other rights are reserved by the copyright owner.

Practical Considerations

Key pitfalls and good practices related to systems engineering standards are described in the next two sections.

Pitfalls

Some of the key pitfalls encountered in the selection and use of SE standards are provided in Table 3.

Table 3. Pitfalls in Using Systems Engineering Standards. (SEBoK Original)
Pitfall Name Pitfall Description
Turnkey Process Provision
  • Expecting the standard to fully provide your SE processes without any elaboration or tailoring.
No Need for Knowledge
  • Expecting that the standard can be used without any functional or domain knowledge since the standard is the product of collective industry knowledge.
No Process Integration
  • Lack of integrating the standards requirements with the organization or project processes.

Good Practices

Some good practices as gathered from the references and provided in Table 4.

Table 4. Good Practices in Using Systems Engineering Standards. (SEBoK Original)
Good Practice Name Good Practice Description
Tailor for Business Needs
  • Tailor the standard within conformance requirements to best meet business needs.
Integration into Project
  • Requirements of the standard should be integrated into the project via processes or product/service requirements.

References

Works Cited

Roedler, G. 2010. "An Overview of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288, System Life Cycle Processes." Proceedings of the 4th Asian Pacific Council on Systems Engineering (APCOSE) Conference, 4-6 October 2010, Keelung, Taiwan.

Roedler, G. 2011. "Towards Integrated Systems and Software Engineering Standards." National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) Conference, San Diego, CA, USA.

Primary References

ANSI/EIA. 2003. Processes for Engineering a System. Philadelphia, PA, USA: American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Electronic Industries Association (EIA), ANSI/EIA 632-1998.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2015. Systems and Software Engineering -- System Life Cycle Processes. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organisation for Standardisation / International Electrotechnical Commissions / Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Engineering Vocabulary. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 24765: 2009.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. Systems and software engineering - Architecture description. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISO/IEC/IEEE 42010.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. Systems and software engineering - Requirements engineering. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), (IEC), ISO/IEC/IEEE 29148.

Roedler, G. 2010. An Overview of ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288, System Life Cycle Processes. Proceedings of the 4th Asian Pacific Council on Systems Engineering (APCOSE) Conference, 4-6 October 2010, Keelung, Taiwan.

Additional References

ISO. 2003. Space Systems - Risk Management. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 17666:2003.

ISO. 2009. Risk Management - Principles and Guidelines. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO 31000:2009.

ISO/IEC. 2009. Risk Management - Risk Assessment Techniques. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), ISO/IEC 31010:2009.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2006. Systems and Software Engineering - Risk Management. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISO/IEC/IEEE 16085.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2007. Systems and Software Engineering - Measurement Process. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), ISO/IEC/IEEE 15939.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. Systems and Software Engineering - Project Management. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 16326.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2009. Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance, Part 1: Concepts and definitions. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-1.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2010. Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance, Part 2: Assurance case. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-2.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. Systems and Software Engineering - Content of Life-Cycle Information Products (documentation). Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15289.

ISO/IEC/IEEE. 2011. Systems and Software Engineering - System and Software Assurance, Part 3: Integrity Levels. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization (ISO)/International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). ISO/IEC/IEEE 15026-3.


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